Gouramis main image Gouramis image


There is a vast variety of Gouramis, all coming from the family Belontidae also referred to as anabantoids or labyrinth fish. This is due to them having what is known as the labyrinth organ, this organ allows them to extract oxygen from atmospheric air in areas where there is minimal or poorly oxygenated water.

Maximum Size and Longevity

Due to the wide range of Gouramis, there is a spectacular difference in sizes. Dwarf Gouramis can grow up to 6cm whilst Giant Gouramis can grow up to 60cm. Average life expectancy of a Gourami differs on the species however most Gouramis live between 3 – 8 years.

Water Quality

· Temperature: 22°C - 28°C.

· pH: 6.5—7.5

· General Hardness: 50—150 ppm.


 Gouramis thrive best on a varied diet however will eat most aquarium food. A good combination uses a variety of dry food, vegetables, frozen and live food. Its important to note small Gouramis between 3 – 4cm are considered fry and will require several feeds a day.


Larger species of Gouramis are known to be quite boisterous and fit in well in a semi aggressive tank. Smaller and Dwarf Gourami can thrive in peaceful community tanks and make an excellent addition to the fish family.

Colour and Varieties

This species comes in an expansive range of colours and looks. The Lace Gouramis present with a pearl pattern with a brown horizontal stripe running from eye to tail and the males will develop a deep red colour in the throat. Kissing Gouramis feature pink or green scales. Larger varieties feature a bluer coloration and can also come in platinum or gold. Dwarf Gouramis have the widest range of colours.


The male plays the biggest part in the breeding process, they first build a floating nest of bubbles on the surface of the water. The breeding process occurs below the bubble nest and when fertilised the eggs will float upwards to sit within the nest. The male continues to look after the eggs even after they have hatched. It is important to ensure there are no draughts in the tank as cold draughts can damage the labyrinth organ that has not fully developed in the fry.




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